Digital Strategy Development for EA Establishment
Developing a Digital Strategy that aligns with organisation’s mandate is done by prioritizing the business objectives against the strategic technology investment. The developed Digital Strategy should consist of conceptualising the IT landscape, Statements of principles and ways of working for digital values through the establishment of Digital Enterprise Architecture. The Digital Strategy will set the strategic direction to create value for organisation’s stakeholders, define the required capabilities and identify the resources needed to support organisation’s mandate.
Figure 1: The EA Landscape
The conceptualisation of the enterprise landscape is done through the development of the Digital EA Map representing the level of granularity that consists of strategic, segment and capability levels that each level addresses different stakeholders’ concerns. Organisations should develop and map the Enterprise Capabilities which will support the realisation of their Digital Strategy to achieve the desired outcomes. From a business perspective, enterprise capability forms a model to represent all the functional abilities an organisation needs to execute its business model and fulfil its mandate. From an IT perspective, enterprise capability models provide a stable overarching view of what is important to key stakeholders which will link business and IT initiatives together. Enterprise Capabilities Map can also be used to map, validate and justify the existence of technology portfolio as part of the IT landscape that has a direct business impact towards realizing digital strategy.
Hence, the digital strategy development will focus on the areas of innovation, investment, values and stakeholder’s satisfaction as such mapping the motivations of key stakeholders in terms of their goals, drivers, outcomes, requirements, principles, resources and capabilities. To achieve this, the use of tools and techniques listed below based on industry best practices should be leveraged to derive the digital strategy.
Figure 2: Tools and Tehcnique to Derive Digital Strategy
The following briefly describes the techniques used to derive the Digital Strategy:
EA Principles as the Fundamental Values
For an effective realisation of the strategy, there is a need to establish the EA principles as the fundamental values to guide enterprise decision-making process and act as the foundation for governance standards, and policy development in realising the Digital Strategy. The EA principles should be considered when making any decision regarding the use, selection, evolution and integration of all information systems’ resources and assets in an organisation. Each principle must highlight the rationale and implications in terms of resources, costs and activities or tasks.
The EA Development Methodology based on the selected framework will be used as ways of working in realising the Digital Strategy that covers the methods, rules and postulates used to structure, plan, and implement the process in establishing EA to ensure a consistent and systematic approach. The developed Digital Strategy should include the focus on organisation’s EA artefacts and all capabilities involved in a specific iteration. Requirement and change management are another important factor in implementing and establishing a culture through successful EA practices for sustainable digital values in an organisation.
Author: Aaron Tan Dani
Join the EA activities in Singapore and learn how you can implement Digital-Business-driven EA in your organisation.
Computer Society EA-Chapter: http://www.scs.org.sg/Chapter/ea-homepage
Learn more about ITABoK (IT Architecture Body of Knowledge) skillsets and about the roles, scopes and impacts of EA Specializations.
Acquire successful Digital Transformation adoption with ATD Enterprise Architecture consulting and training services.
ATD Solution: www.atdsolution.com